Coffee has a wide range of flavors and aromas as a result of the preparation of coffee beans grown in different regions with different processing and roasting methods.
Here are some Commonly Known Coffee Varieties:
- Arabica: Arabica coffee is the most popular coffee variety worldwide. It usually has a milder and sweeter flavor. Arabica beans are generally preferred to obtain a higher quality and aromatic coffee.
- Robusta: Robusta coffee has a stronger and more intense flavor than Arabica. Robusta beans have a higher caffeine content and provide a more intense coffee experience. It is often used in espresso or mixed coffees.
- Espresso: Espresso is a type of coffee that is intense, aromatic and prepared in a short time. It is obtained by passing ground coffee under high pressure with hot water. Espresso is a type of coffee with a high caffeine content, dark roasted and served in a short glass.
- Latte: Latte is a type of coffee prepared by adding steamed milk to espresso. Latte usually offers a milky and creamy taste. It can be decorated by adding milk foam on it.
- Cappuccino: Cappuccino is a type of coffee prepared by combining espresso, hot milk and milk foam in a balanced way. It usually consists of three layers: espresso at the bottom, hot milk in the middle, and milk foam at the top.
- Americano: Americano is a type of coffee prepared by adding hot water to espresso. Ideal for those who prefer a milder taste. It is obtained by diluting espresso with hot water.
- Filter coffee: Filter coffee is obtained by brewing ground coffee by passing it over hot water. Generally, brewing methods such as filter coffee machines or French Press are used. Filter coffee offers a milder taste and a clear aroma.
These are just a few examples, the coffee varieties are countless. New varieties and blends are constantly emerging in the coffee world. For example, single origin coffees are coffee beans from a particular region or farm and reflect the characteristics of that region. On the other hand, blended coffees offer special taste profiles created by combining beans from different regions.
In addition, coffee varieties can be differentiated only by the preparation of coffee beans by different processes. For example, cold brew coffee is a type of coffee that is brewed in cold water for a long time and has low acidity. Coffees made with special brewing equipment such as AeroPress, Chemex or V60 can also offer different flavor profiles.
The diversity of coffee varieties increases everyone's chances of finding a coffee that suits their taste and preferences. By experimenting, you can discover different types of coffee and choose your own favourites. Remember that each variety has a different taste, aroma and texture, so you can enrich your coffee experience by taking advantage of the variety.
As a result, coffee varieties are offered in a wide variety and each offers a different taste experience. Alongside the well-known varieties such as Arabica, Robusta, espresso, latte, cappuccino, Americano, filter coffee, new coffee varieties are constantly emerging. I suggest you try and explore different varieties to choose the coffee that suits your personal preferences and taste.